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National corruption survey 2017: Prevalence of corruption in Nigeria

*”the prevalence of bribery ranges between 13% in Kwara State and 52% in Borno State,”…….

*Northwest, Northeast top bribery prevalence rate in Nigeria

Nigeria’s Northwest and Northeast regions have the highest prevalence of bribery among adults, a new report published last week Wednesday prepared by Nigeria’s National Bureau of Statistics (NBS) in partnership with the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), with a focus on the quality and integrity of public services in

Corruption index in Nigeria
Corruption index in Nigeria

the country, shows that the Northwest has 36.2% prevalence rate while the Northeast has 35.2% prevalence rate.

The prevalence of bribery, according to the report, “is calculated as the number of adult Nigerians who had at least one contact with a public official and who paid a bribe to a public official, or were asked for a bribe by a public official, on at least one occasion in the 12 months prior to the survey, as a percentage of all adult Nigerians who had at least one contact with a public official.”

The country’s Southeast region, currently in the throes of a separatist agitation championed by Nnamdi Kanu’s Indigenous People of Biafra (IPOB), has the lowest bribery prevalence rate of 24.2%, which is below the national average prevalence rate of 32.3%.

Another measurement of Corruption index in Nigeria
Another measurement of Corruption index in Nigeria

In between these extremes are the Southsouth, Southwest and Northwest with corruption prevalence rates of 33.8%, 32.8% and 29.1%, respectively.

In terms of an average number of times a bribe is paid in each of the regions, Southeast has 4.9, followed by Northwest with 5.2 and Southwest with 5.7 times – all of which are below the national average of 5.8 occurrence rate.

A bribe is paid in an average of 6.2 times in the Northeast, while both the Northcentral and the Southsouth have a 6.4 occurrence rate.

However, the report notes that from the “spatial analysis of bribery prevalence across the 36 states of Nigeria, no clear geographical pattern emerges. At the state level, the prevalence of bribery ranges between 13% in Kwara State and 52% in Borno State, indicating that local factors can have a significant impact on interactions between civil servants and the public.”

Another measurement of Corruption index in Nigeria
Another measurement of Corruption index in Nigeria

According to the above infographic, the prevalence, frequency and average number of bribes paid to public official by zone is highest in south-west and north-west. The south-west includes the following states: 1. Lagos 2. Ogun 3. Osun 4. Oyo 5. Ekiti 6. Ondo And in the north-west we have the following: 7. Kaduna 8. Zamfara 9. Kano 10. Katsina 11. Jigawa 12. Kebbi 13. Sokoto

Also between June 2015 and May 2016, we see that Nigerians gave out about N82 million in bribes alone especially in the public sector.

It was also revealed that almost 52% of Nigerians paid bribes when in contact with a public official.

The most common bribes in Nigeria are paid to policemen and the least are paid to nurses.

 

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